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What Are E-Numbers of Food Additives (Full List)

08/05/2015 adminCategory: Knowledge of Food AdditivesPage Views: 7008

The E-number system was originally used in the European Union and Switzerland in order to regulate the use of substances added to processed food and beverage products to color them, flavor them, change their shape or extend their shelf life. These food additives were given a unique number and those which were approved for use were prefixed by an “E” that stands for Europe. Most of the food additives are only permitted to be used in certain foods and are subject to specific quantitative limits, so it is important to note the list of E-numbers should be used in conjunction with the appropriate European Union Legislation.

In the E-number list, the food additives are considered to be safe by the authorities. Countries do not always agree on whether a certain additive is dangerous or not, therefore some additives are banned in some countries but not in others. Children are more sensitive to food additives than adults primarily because of their young age. Since their immune system is not mature yet, they tend to react more sensitively to external substances.

 

Full List of E-numbers

E100–E199 (colours)

E200–E299 (preservatives)

E300–E399 (antioxidants, acidity regulators)

E400–E499 (thickeners, stabilizers, emulsifiers)

E500–E599 (acidity regulators, anti-caking agents)

E600–E699 (flavour enhancers)

E700–E799 (antibiotics)

E900–E999 (glazing agents and sweeteners)

E1000–E1599 (additional chemicals)

 

E100–E199 (colours)

Code       Name(s)

E100       Curcumin (from turmeric)

E101       Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), formerly called lactoflavin

E101a     Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate

E102       Tartrazine (FD&C Yellow 5)

E103       Alkannin[11]

E104       Quinoline Yellow WS

E105       Fast Yellow AB

E106       Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate

E107       Yellow 2G

E110       Sunset Yellow FCF (Orange Yellow S, FD&C Yellow 6)

E111       Orange GGN

E120       Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmine (Natural Red 4)

E121       Citrus Red 2

E122       Carmoisine (azorubine)

E123       Amaranth (FD&C Red 2)

E124       Ponceau 4R (Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R)

E125       Ponceau SX, Scarlet GN

E126       Ponceau 6R

E127       Erythrosine (FD&C Red 3)

E128       Red 2G

E129       Allura Red AC (FD&C Red 40)

E130       Indanthrene blue RS

E131       Patent Blue V

E132       Indigo carmine (indigotine, FD&C Blue 2)

E133       Brilliant Blue FCF (FD&C Blue 1)

E140       Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins: (i) Chlorophylls (ii) Chlorophyllins

E141       Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) Copper complexes of chlorophylls (ii) Copper complexes of chlorophyllins

E142       Green S

E143       Fast Green FCF (FD&C Green 3)

E150a     Plain caramel

E150b     Caustic sulphite caramel

E150c     Ammonia caramel

E150d     Sulphite ammonia caramel

E151       Black PN, Brilliant Black BN

E152       Carbon black (hydrocarbon)

E153       Vegetable carbon

E154       Brown FK (kipper brown)

E155       Brown HT (chocolate brown HT)

E160a     Alpha-carotene, Beta-carotene, Gamma-carotene

E160b     Annatto, bixin, norbixin

E160c     Paprika oleoresin, Capsanthin, capsorubin

E160d     Lycopene

E160e     Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30)

E160f     Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid (C 30)

E161a     Flavoxanthin

E161b     Lutein

E161c     Cryptoxanthin

E161d     Rubixanthin

E161e     Violaxanthin

E161f     Rhodoxanthin

E161g     Canthaxanthin

E161h     Zeaxanthin

E161i      Citranaxanthin

E161j      Astaxanthin

E162       Beetroot Red, Betanin

E163       Anthocyanins

E164       Saffron

E170       Calcium carbonate, Chalk

E171       Titanium dioxide

E172       Iron oxides and iron hydroxides

E173       Aluminium

E174       Silver

E175       Gold

E180       Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK

E181       Tannin

E182       Orcein, Orchil

 

E200–E299 (preservatives)

Code       Name(s)

E200       Sorbic acid

E201       Sodium sorbate

E202       Potassium sorbate

E203       Calcium sorbate

E209       Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate

E210       Benzoic acid

E211       Sodium benzoate

E212       Potassium benzoate

E213       Calcium benzoate

E214       Ethylparaben (ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate)

E215       Sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate

E216       Propylparaben (propyl para-hydroxybenzoate)

E217       Sodium propyl para-hydroxybenzoate

E218       Methylparaben (methyl para-hydroxybenzoate)

E219       Sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate

E220       Sulphur dioxide

E221       Sodium sulphite

E222       Sodium bisulphite (sodium hydrogen sulphite)

E223       Sodium metabisulphite

E224       Potassium metabisulphite

E225       Potassium sulphite

E226       Calcium sulphite

E227       Calcium hydrogen sulphite (preservative)

E228       Potassium hydrogen sulphite

E230       Biphenyl, diphenyl

E231       Orthophenyl phenol

E232       Sodium orthophenyl phenol

E233       Thiabendazole

E234       Nisin

E235       Natamycin, Pimaracin

E236       Formic acid

E237       Sodium formate

E238       Calcium formate

E239       Hexamine (hexamethylene tetramine)

E240       Formaldehyde

E242       Dimethyl dicarbonate

E249       Potassium nitrite

E250       Sodium nitrite

E251       Sodium nitrate (Chile saltpeter)

E252       Potassium nitrate (Saltpetre)

E260       Acetic acid (preservative)

E261       Potassium acetate (preservative)

E262       Sodium acetates (i) Sodium acetate (ii) Sodium diacetate (sodium hydrogen acetate)

E263       Calcium acetate (preservative)

E264       Ammonium acetate

E265       Dehydroacetic acid

E266       Sodium dehydroacetate

E270       Lactic acid (preservative)

E280       Propionic acid

E281       Sodium propionate

E282       Calcium propionate

E283       Potassium propionate

E284       Boric acid

E285       Sodium tetraborate (borax)

E290       Carbon dioxide

E296       Malic acid (acid)

E297       Fumaric acid

 

E300–E399 (antioxidants, acidity regulators)

Code       Name(s)

E300       Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)

E301       Sodium ascorbate

E302       Calcium ascorbate

E303       Potassium ascorbate

E304       Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (Ascorbyl palmitate)

E305       Ascorbyl stearate

E306       Tocopherols (natural)

E307       Alpha-tocopherol (synthetic)

E308       Gamma-tocopherol (synthetic)

E309       Delta-tocopherol (synthetic)

E310       Propyl gallate

E311       Octyl gallate

E312       Dodecyl gallate

E313       Ethyl gallate

E314       Guaiac resin

E315       Erythorbic acid

E316       Sodium erythorbate

E317       Erythorbin acid

E318       Sodium erythorbin

E319       tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)

E320       Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)

E321       Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)

E322       Lecithin

E323       Anoxomer

E324       Ethoxyquin

E325       Sodium lactate

E326       Potassium lactate (antioxidant)

E327       Calcium lactate

E328       Ammonium lactate

E329       Magnesium lactate

E330       Citric acid

E331       Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii)Sodium citrate (trisodium citrate)

E332       Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Potassium citrate(tripotassium citrate)

E333       Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate(iii) Calcium citrate (tricalcium citrate)

E334       Tartaric acid (L(+)-)

E335       Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii), Disodium tartrate

E336       Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (cream of tartar) (ii) Dipotassium tartrate

E337       Sodium potassium tartrate

E338       Orthophosphoric acid

E339       Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate(iii) Trisodium phosphate

E340       Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate (iii) Tripotassium phosphate

E341       Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate

E342       Ammonium phosphates: (i) monoammonium phosphate (ii) diammonium phosphate

E343       Magnesium phosphates (i) monomagnesium phosphate (ii) Dimagnesium phosphate

E344       Lecitin citrate

E345       Magnesium citrate

E349       Ammonium malate

E350       Sodium malates (i) Sodium malate (ii) Sodium hydrogen malate

E351       Potassium malate

E352       Calcium malates (i) Calcium malate (ii) Calcium hydrogen malate

E353       Metatartaric acid

E354       Calcium tartrate

E355       Adipic acid

E356       Sodium adipate

E357       Potassium adipate

E359       Ammonium adipate

E363       Succinic acid

E365       Sodium fumarate

E366       Potassium fumarate

E367       Calcium fumarate

E368       Ammonium fumarate

E370       1,4-Heptonolactone

E380       Triammonium citrate

E381       Ammonium ferric citrate

E383       Calcium glycerylphosphate

E384       Isopropyl citrate

E385       Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, (Calcium disodium EDTA)

E386       Disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate (Disodium EDTA)

E387       Oxystearin

E388       Thiodipropionic acid

E389       Dilauryl thiodipropionate

E390       Distearyl thiodipropionate

E391       Phytic acid

E392       Extracts of rosemary

E399       Calcium lactobionate

 

E400–E499 (thickeners, stabilizers, emulsifiers)

Code       Name(s)

E400       Alginic acid (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

E401       Sodium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

E402       Potassium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

E403       Ammonium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser)

E404       Calcium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

E405       Propane-1,2-diol alginate (Propylene glycol alginate) (thickener) (stabiliser)

E406       Agar (thickener) (gelling agent)

E407       Carrageenan (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

E407a     Processed eucheuma seaweed (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

E408       Bakers yeast glycan

E409       Arabinogalactan

E410       Locust bean gum (Carob gum) (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

E411       Oat gum (thickener)

E412       Guar gum (thickener)

E413       Tragacanth (thickener) (stabiliser)

E414       Acacia gum (gum arabic) (thickener) (stabiliser)

E415       Xanthan gum (thickener)

E416       Karaya gum (thickener) (stabiliser)

E417       Tara gum (thickener)

E418       Gellan gum (thickener) (stabiliser)

E419       Gum ghatti (thickener) (stabiliser)

E420       Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup (emulsifier) (sweetener)

E421       Mannitol (anti-caking agent)

E422       Glycerol (emulsifier)

E424       Curdlan

E425       Konjac (i) Konjac gum (ii) Konjac glucomannane

E426       Soybean hemicellulose

E427       Cassia gum

E429       Peptones

E430       Polyoxyethene (8) stearate (emulsifier)

E431       Polyoxyethene (40) stearate

E432       Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20)

E433       Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80)

E434       Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40)

E435       Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60)

E436       Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65)

E440       Pectins (i) pectin (ii) amidated pectin

E441       Gelatine (emulsifier)

E442       Ammonium phosphatides

E443       Brominated vegetable oil

E444       Sucrose acetate isobutyrate

E445       Glycerol esters of wood rosins

E446       Succistearin

E450       Diphosphates (i) Disodium diphosphate (ii) Trisodium diphosphate(iii) Tetrasodium diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium diphosphate (v)Tetrapotassium diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium diphosphate (vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate

E451       Triphosphates (i) Sodium triphosphate (pentasodium triphosphate) (ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate

E452       Polyphosphates (i) Sodium polyphosphates (ii) Potassium polyphosphates (iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate (iv) Calcium polyphosphates (v) Ammonium polyphosphate

E459       Beta-cyclodextrin

E460       Cellulose (i) Microcrystalline cellulose (ii) Powdered cellulose

E461       Methyl cellulose

E462       Ethyl cellulose

E463       Hydroxypropyl cellulose

E464       Hypromellose (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose)

E465       Ethyl methyl cellulose

E466       Carboxymethyl cellulose, Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose

E467       Ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose

E468       Crosslinked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Croscarmellose)

E469       Enzymically hydrolysed carboxymethylcellulose

E470a     Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier)

E470b     Magnesium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier)

E471       Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate)

E472a     Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E472b     Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E472c     Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E472d     Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E472e     Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E472f     Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E472g     Succinylated monoglycerides

E473       Sucrose esters of fatty acids

E474       Sucroglycerides

E475       Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids

E476       Polyglycerol polyricinoleate

E477       Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids

E478       Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propane-1

E479b     Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E480       Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate

E481       Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate

E482       Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate

E483       Stearyl tartrate

E484       Stearyl citrate

E485       Sodium stearoyl fumarate

E486       Calcium stearoyl fumarate

E487       Sodium laurylsulphate

E488       Ethoxylated Mono- and Di-Glycerides

E489       Methyl glucoside-coconut oil ester

E490       Propane-1,2-diol

E491       Sorbitan monostearate

E492       Sorbitan tristearate

E493       Sorbitan monolaurate

E494       Sorbitan monooleate

E495       Sorbitan monopalmitate

E496       Sorbitan trioleate

E497       Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene polymers

E498       Partial polyglycerol esters of polycondensed fatty acids of castor oil

 

E500–E599 (acidity regulators, anti-caking agents)

Code       Name(s)

E500       Sodium carbonates (i) Sodium carbonate (ii) Sodium bicarbonate(Sodium hydrogen carbonate) (iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate (acidity regulator)

E501       Potassium carbonates (i) Potassium carbonate (ii) Potassium bicarbonate (Potassium hydrogen carbonate)

E503       Ammonium carbonates (i) Ammonium carbonate (ii) Ammonium bicarbonate (Ammonium hydrogen carbonate)

E504       Magnesium carbonates (i) Magnesium carbonate (ii) Magnesium bicarbonate Magnesium hydrogen carbonate

E505       Ferrous carbonate

E507       Hydrochloric acid

E508       Potassium chloride (gelling agent)

E509       Calcium chloride (sequestrant)

E510       Ammonium chloride, ammonia solution (acidity regulator)

E511       Magnesium chloride

E512       Stannous chloride

E513       Sulphuric acid

E514       Sodium sulphates (i) Sodium sulphate (ii)

E515       Potassium Sulphates (i) Potassium Sulphate (ii)

E516       Calcium sulphate

E517       Ammonium sulphate

E518       Magnesium sulphate (Epsom salts), (acidity regulator)

E519       Copper(II) sulphate

E520       Aluminium sulphate

E521       Aluminium sodium sulphate

E522       Aluminium potassium sulphate

E523       Aluminium ammonium sulphate

E524       Sodium hydroxide

E525       Potassium hydroxide

E526       Calcium hydroxide (acidity regulator)

E527       Ammonium hydroxide

E528       Magnesium hydroxide

E529       Calcium oxide (acidity regulator)

E530       Magnesium oxide (acidity regulator)

E535       Sodium ferrocyanide (acidity regulator)

E536       Potassium ferrocyanide

E537       Ferrous hexacyanomanganate

E538       Calcium ferrocyanide

E539       Sodium thiosulphate

E540       Dicalcium diphosphate (acidity regulator)

E541       Sodium aluminium phosphate (i) Acidic (ii) Basic

E542       Bone phosphate (Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic)

E543       Calcium sodium polyphosphate

E544       Calcium polyphosphate

E545       Ammonium polyphosphate

E550       Sodium Silicates (i) Sodium silicate (ii) Sodium metasilicate

E551       Silicon dioxide (Silica)

E552       Calcium silicate

E553a     (i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate

E553b     Talc

E554       Sodium aluminosilicate (sodium aluminium silicate)

E555       Potassium aluminium silicate

E556       Calcium aluminosilicate (calcium aluminium silicate)

E557       Zinc silicate

E558       Bentonite

E559       Aluminium silicate (Kaolin)

E560       Potassium silicate

E561       Vermiculite

E562       Sepiolite

E563       Sepiolitic clay

E565       Lignosulphonates

E566       Natrolite-phonolite

E570       Fatty acids

E572       Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate (emulsifier)

E574       Gluconic acid

E575       Glucono delta-lactone (acidity regulator)

E576       Sodium gluconate

E577       Potassium gluconate

E578       Calcium gluconate

E579       Ferrous gluconate

E580       Magnesium gluconate

E585       Ferrous lactate

E586       4-Hexylresorcinol

E598       Synthetic calcium aluminates

E599       Perlite

 

E600–E699 (flavour enhancers)

Code       Name(s)

E620       Glutamic acid

E621       Monosodium glutamate (MSG)

E622       Monopotassium glutamate

E623       Calcium diglutamate

E624       Monoammonium glutamate

E625       Magnesium diglutamate

E626       Guanylic acid

E627       Disodium guanylate, sodium guanylate

E628       Dipotassium guanylate

E629       Calcium guanylate

E630       Inosinic acid

E631       Disodium inosinate

E632       Dipotassium inosinate

E633       Calcium inosinate

E634       Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides

E635       Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides

E640       Glycine and its sodium salt

E650       Zinc acetate

 

E700–E799 (antibiotics)

Code       Name(s)

E701       Tetracyclines

E702       Chlortetracycline

E703       Oxytetracycline

E704       Oleandomycin

E705       Penicillin G potassium

E706       Penicillin G sodium

E707       Penicillin G procaine

E708       Penicillin G benzathine

E710       Spiramycins

E711       Virginiamycins

E712       Flavomycin

E713       Tylosin

E714       Monensin A

E715       Avoparcin

E716       Salinomycin

E717       Avilamycin

 

E900–E999 (glazing agents and sweeteners)

Code       Name(s)

E900       Dimethyl polysiloxane (anti-foaming agent)

E901       Beeswax, white and yellow

E902       Candelilla wax

E903       Carnauba wax

E904       Shellac

E905       Paraffins

E905a     Mineral oil

E905b     Petrolatum

E905c     Petroleum wax (i)Microcrystalline wax (ii) Paraffin wax

E906       Gum benzoic

E907       Crystalline wax

E908       Rice bran wax

E909       Spermaceti wax

E910       Wax esters

E911       Methyl esters of fatty acids

E912       Montanic acid esters, Montan acid esters

E913       Lanolin, sheep wool grease

E914       Oxidized polyethylene wax, oxidized polyethylene

E915       Esters of colophony

E916       Calcium iodate

E917       Potassium iodate

E918       Nitrogen oxides

E919       Nitrosyl chloride

E920       L-cysteine

E921       L-cystine

E922       Potassium persulphate

E923       Ammonium persulphate

E924       Potassium bromate

E924b     Calcium bromate

E925       Chlorine

E926       Chlorine dioxide (preservative)

E927a     Azodicarbonamide

E927b     Carbamide (urea)

E928       Benzoyl peroxide (improving agent)

E929       Acetone peroxide

E930       Calcium peroxide (improving agent)

E938       Argon

E939       Helium

E940       Dichlorodifluoromethane

E941       Nitrogen (packaging gas)

E942       Nitrous oxide

E943a     Butane

E943b     Isobutane

E944       Propane

E945       Chloropentafluoroethane

E946       Octafluorocyclobutane

E948       Oxygen

E949       Hydrogen

E950       Acesulfame potassium

E951       Aspartame

E952       Cyclamic acid and its sodium and calcium salts, also known asCyclamate

E953       Isomalt, Isomaltitol

E954       Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts

E955       Sucralose (Trichlorogalactosucrose)

E956       Alitame

E957       Thaumatin (sweetener)

E958       Glycyrrhizin (sweetener)

E959       Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone (sweetener)

E960       Steviol glycosides

E961       Neotame

E962       Aspartame-acesulfame salt (sweetener)

E965       Maltitol (i) Maltitol (ii) Maltitol syrup (sweetener) (stabiliser)

E966       Lactitol

E967       Xylitol

E968       Erythritol

E999       Quillaia extract

 

E1000–E1599 (additional chemicals)

Code       Name(s)

E1000     Cholic acid

E1001     Choline salts

E1100     Amylase

E1101     Proteases ((i)Protease, (ii)Papain, (iii)Bromelain, (iv)Ficin)

E1102     Glucose oxidase

E1103     Invertase

E1104     Lipases

E1105     Lysozyme

E1200     Polydextrose

E1201     Polyvinylpyrrolidone

E1202     Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (carrier)

E1203     Polyvinyl alcohol

E1204     Pullulan

E1400     Dextrin (Dextrins, roasted starch white and yellow) (stabiliser)

E1401     Modified starch ((Acid-treated starch) stabiliser)

E1402     Alkaline modified starch (stabiliser)

E1403     Bleached starch (stabiliser)

E1404     Oxidized starch (emulsifier)

E1405     Enzyme treated starch

E1410     Monostarch phosphate (stabiliser)

E1411     Distarch glycerol (thickening agent)

E1412     Distarch phosphate esterified with sodium trimetasphosphate; esterified with phosphorus oxychloride (stabiliser)

E1413     Phosphated distarch phosphate (stabiliser)

E1414     Acetylated distarch phosphate (emulsifier)

E1420     Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride (stabiliser)

E1421     Starch acetate esterified with vinyl acetate (stabiliser)

E1422     Acetylated distarch adipate (stabiliser)

E1423     Acetylated distarch glycerol

E1430     Distarch glycerine (stabiliser)

E1440     Hydroxy propyl starch (emulsifier)

E1441     Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerine (stabiliser)

E1442     Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate (stabiliser)

E1443     Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerol

E1450     Starch sodium octenyl succinate (emulsifier) (stabiliser)

E1451     Acetylated oxidised starch (emulsifier)

E1452     Starch aluminium octenyl succinate

E1501     Benzylated hydrocarbons

E1502     Butane-1, 3-diol

E1503     Castor oil

E1504     Ethyl acetate

E1505     Triethyl citrate

E1510     Ethanol

E1516     Glyceryl monoacetate

E1517     Glyceryl diacetate or diacetin

E1518     Glyceryl triacetate or triacetin

E1519     Benzyl alcohol

E1520     Propylene glycol

E1521     Polyethylene glycol 8000[24]

E1525     Hydroxyethyl cellulose


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