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Side Effects of Sodium benzoate

03/04/2016 admin

Sodium benzoate, also known as E211, is a widely used food preservative produced by mixing benzoic acid with sodium hydroxide. It is a common preservative in processed foods and soft drinks. Benzoic acid can be found naturally at low levels in cranberries, prunes, greengage plums, cinnamon, ripe cloves, and apples. As a food additive, sodium benzoate is bacteriostatic and fungistatic under acidic conditions. It is most widely used in acidic foods such as salad dressings (vinegar), carbonated drinks (carbonic acid), jams and fruit juices (citric acid), pickles (vinegar), and condiments. It is also used as a preservative in medicines and cosmetics. Concentration as a preservative is limited by the FDA in theU.S.to 0.1% by weight.

 

General Side Effects

No significant side effects reported.

 

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Official Suggested Dosage

ADI: 0-5 mg/kg bw (Acceptable Daily Intake)

MTDI: None (Maximum Tolerable Daily Intake)

Data Source: JECFA Database of WHO

 

Sodium Benzoate is widely known as safe, there is no limit on dosage of intake. There is no proof showing that acquiring Sodium Benzoate will do any harm to special groups, including newborns, children, pregnant, and other applicable vulnerable groups. It should be safe to use Sodium Benzoate in food and beverages as a food additive without any side effects. However, we still recommend consumers to consult food ingredient experts before using large quantity of Sodium Benzoate for long period of time. There may be some side effects in large dosage.

 

GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) Substances

Yes. Sodium Benzoate is on FDA’s GRAS exemption list, it’s widely accepted and used as a safe food ingredient in many countries.

 

Sources and Related Researches:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_benzoate

http://apps.who.int/food-additives-contaminants-jecfa-database/chemical.aspx?chemID=1098

http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/517055

http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm?fr=184.1733